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Moline-Coal Valley School District No 40 offers two options to serve its Multilingual Population: Transitional Program of Instruction (TPI, more commonly known as English as a Second Language or ESL) and a Transitional Bilingual Education Program (TBE), which includes the Dual Language Program.

IAC 228 defines a Transitional Program of Instruction (TPI) as a program that provides: 

“Specialized instruction designed to assist students whose home language is other than English in attaining English language proficiency. English as a Second Language (ESL) instruction includes skill development in listening, speaking, reading, and writing." 

IAC 228 defines TBE (Bilingual Education) as a program that provides:

  1. “Instruction in subjects which are either required by law (see 23 Ill. Adm. Code 1) or by the student's school district, to be given in the student's home language and in English; core subjects such as math, science and social studies must be offered in the student's home language;

  2. Instruction in the language arts in the student’s home language;

  3. Instruction in English as a second language, which must align to the applicable English language development standards; and

  4. Instruction in the history and culture of the country, territory, or geographic area which is the native land of the students or of their parents and in the history and culture of the United States.”

IAC 228 further defines a program called Part-Time TBE that consists of:

  • “Components of a full-time program that are selected for a particular student based upon an assessment of the student’s educational needs.  Each student’s part-time program shall provide daily instruction in English and in the student’s home language as determined by the student’s needs.

  • Part-time TBE should be provided for students who meet one of the following criteria:

  • “sufficient proficiency in English to benefit from a part-time program”

  • “has minimal or no proficiency in the home language and a parent provides written confirmation that English is the primary language spoken at home”

  • “has performed at or above grade level in one or more core subject areas… that were taught exclusively in English” as measured by their grades, teacher recommendations, and state or local assessments for the previous school year.

  • “any student whose Individualized Education Program” (IEP) “identifies a part-time transitional bilingual education program as the least restrictive environment for the student”

  • “any student whose native language has no written component or one for which written instructional materials are not available and cannot be developed may be limited to those components that exist in the language or to those components for which materials are available.  Oral native instruction or support should be provided based on the student’s needs.”

IAC 228 provides the following guidelines for program establishment: 

  • “Transitional Program of Instruction means a program designed by a school district when there are within an attendance center 19 or fewer students of the same non- English language background identified as below average in English proficiency. The school district’s program must meet the standards set forth in Section 228.30 (b) of this Part.” 

  • "Transitional Bilingual Education Program means a program which must be provided by a school district when there are within an attendance center 20 or more students of the same non-English language background identified as below average in English proficiency. A student's program can be either full-time or part-time, depending on the level of the student's proficiency in English. The school district's program must meet the standards set forth in section 228.30 (a) of this Part.

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